“Of what value were these men…?”

Part 7 of excerpts from General Pépé's memoirs takes us to the beginning of Murat's final campaign. We left off with Pépé discussing Napoleon's departure from Elba and alleged communications with Murat, and Pépé's criticisms of Murat for indecisiveness and not having begun the campaign with a large enough force. Here, Pépé discusses (and deplores) …

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“His eyes… were very similar to those of cats”

Returning to the memoirs of Louise Murat; Louise pauses from relating the events of the last days of her parents' reign in Naples, to provide some interesting perspectives on two well-known (and controversial) figures who visited the Kingdom in 1813 and 1814, respectively: Joseph Fouché, Napoleon's notorious former Minister of Police; and Louise's aunt, Pauline …

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“I have enough strength of soul to bear anything”

While remaining aboard the merchant vessel which had borne him to the bay of Cannes following his defeat at Tolentino, Murat wrote not only to Napoleon, whose orders he restlessly awaited, but also to his good friend Joseph Fouché. In this letter, he reiterates much of what he has told the Emperor regarding his failed …

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